Unit 11: Civil War

(Source: civilwarinfoguide.com)
In this unit, you will learn about the causes of the U. S. Civil War, including issues that divided the nation, the beliefs of the North and the South, and the secession of states from the Union.
USI.9: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:

a) describing the cultural, economic, and constitutional issues that divided the nation
b) explaining how the issues of states’ rights and slavery increased sectional tension
c) identifying on a map the states that seceded from the Union and those that remained in the Union

Read and study the graphics of the SOL content of this unit.

USI 9a: Issues That Divided the Nation Issues
  • Cultural, economic, and constitutional differences between the North and the South eventually resulted in the Civil War.

USI 9b: Beliefs of the North and the South North/South Compromises Before the War Compromise
USI 9b: States Secede From the Union Secession
  • The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states’ rights as a means of self-protection.
• The North believed that the nation was a union and could not be divided. While the Civil War did not begin as a war to abolish slavery, issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation

USI 9c: Names of States Who Seceded and Those Who Remained in Union Names of States
  • Southern states that were dependent upon labor-intensive cash crops seceded from the Union. Northernmost slave states (border states) stayed in the Union.

Unit Vocabulary: Read and learn the vocabulary and definitions for this unit.
Cultural: Relating to the beliefs and customs of a group of people.

Economic: Relating to money

Constitutional: Involving the Constitution of the United States

Urban: City - developed

Agricultural: Relating to the business of farming

Plantations: Large farm where cash crops are grown

Manufacturing: To make something into a finished product

Tariffs: Tax on goods

Foreign Competition: Other countries trying to do something better or for less money

Central Government: United States government

States’ Rights: More power given to the states

National Law: Laws for the entire country

Lincoln: Republican from Illinois – won the 1860 presidential election

Secession: A formal withdrawal

Fort Sumter: Located in Charleston Harbor South Carolina. Bombing was the beginning of the Civil War

Moral: Relating to the issues of right and wrong

Popular Sovereignty: A term referring to the idea that each territory could decide for itself whether to allow slavery

Secede: To withdraw from membership

Union: Another name for the North (United States of America) during the Civil War time period

Border States: Slave state that remained in the Union during the Civil War

Labor-intensive: Requiring a lot of physical work