Unit 11: Civil War


american_civil_war_map.gif
(Source: civilwarinfoguide.com)
In this unit, you will learn about the causes of the U. S. Civil War, including issues that divided the nation, the beliefs of the North and the South, and the secession of states from the Union.
USI.9: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:

a) describing the cultural, economic, and constitutional issues that divided the nation
b) explaining how the issues of states’ rights and slavery increased sectional tension
c) identifying on a map the states that seceded from the Union and those that remained in the Union

Read and study the graphics of the SOL content of this unit.

USI 9a: Issues That Divided the Nation Issues
  • Cultural, economic, and constitutional differences between the North and the South eventually resulted in the Civil War.

USI 9b: Beliefs of the North and the South North/South Compromises Before the War Compromise
USI 9b: States Secede From the Union Secession
  • The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states’ rights as a means of self-protection.
• The North believed that the nation was a union and could not be divided. While the Civil War did not begin as a war to abolish slavery, issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation

USI 9c: Names of States Who Seceded and Those Who Remained in Union Names of States
  • Southern states that were dependent upon labor-intensive cash crops seceded from the Union. Northernmost slave states (border states) stayed in the Union.


Unit Vocabulary: Read and learn the vocabulary and definitions for this unit.
Cultural: Relating to the beliefs and customs of a group of people.



Economic: Relating to money



Constitutional: Involving the Constitution of the United States



Urban: City - developed



Agricultural: Relating to the business of farming



Plantations: Large farm where cash crops are grown



Manufacturing: To make something into a finished product



Tariffs: Tax on goods



Foreign Competition: Other countries trying to do something better or for less money



Central Government: United States government



States’ Rights: More power given to the states



National Law: Laws for the entire country



Lincoln: Republican from Illinois – won the 1860 presidential election



Secession: A formal withdrawal



Fort Sumter: Located in Charleston Harbor South Carolina. Bombing was the beginning of the Civil War



Moral: Relating to the issues of right and wrong



Popular Sovereignty: A term referring to the idea that each territory could decide for itself whether to allow slavery



Secede: To withdraw from membership



Union: Another name for the North (United States of America) during the Civil War time period



Border States: Slave state that remained in the Union during the Civil War



Labor-intensive: Requiring a lot of physical work