Unit 12: Civil War Leaders, Battles, and Effects

51RBYXFQJVL.jpg American_Civil_War_Montage_2.jpg
(Source: bookdepository.co.uk) (Source: wikipedia.org)

In this unit, you will learn the names of the important people and battles of the Civil War. You will also learn about the effects of the war on the nation.

USI.9: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:

d) describing the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, and Frederick Douglas in events leading to and during the war.
e) using maps to explain critical developments in the war, including major battles.
f) describing the effects of war from the perspectives of Union and Confederate soldiers (including black soldiers), women, and enslaved African Americans.
Learn about the people and events of the war by reading the following Study Maps.

USI 9d Important People People #1 People #2
  • Lincoln and Lee were men who represented views of the nature of the United States that were very different, leading to an unavoidable conflict.
USI 9e Locations, Topography, & Battles Battles
  • Location and topography were critical elements influencing important developments in the Civil War, including major battles.
USI 9f Effects Effects #1 Effects #2
  • Life on the battlefield and on the home front was extremely harsh. Many died from disease and exposure.

Unit Vocabulary: Read and study the vocabulary and definitions for this unit.

Emancipation Proclamation: Issued by Lincoln, free all slaves in areas of “rebellion”
Preserve: To keep protected from harm
Confederate States of America: (CSA) Eleven southern states that seceded from the United States of America
Confederate: Supporter of the C.S.A.
Command: Control over something
Unavoidable: Cannot be stopped
Invasion: Entry of an armed force into another territory or area
Ports: A place by a body of water where ships can load and unload (ex. Charleston S.C., Savannah G.A., New Orleans L.A.)
Surrender: To declare the opponent has won
Topography: The study of the surface of the land
Blockade: To prevent people or goods from entering or leaving a place
Washington D.C.: Capital of the Union (U.S.A)
Richmond: Capital of the Confederacy (C.S.A)
Devastation: To cause severe or widespread damage to something
Collapse: To fail or come to an end suddenly
Discriminated: To treat one person or group worse than others
Segregated: To keep different groups of people separate from each other
Red Cross: An organization to help give care to the sick and wounded in wars, and natural disasters
Congressman: A man who is a member of the US House of Representatives (Congress)