Unit 1: Continents and Oceans, Geographic Features

(Source: http://continents.phillipmartin.info/geo_seven_continents_blank.htm)
In this unit, you will learn the locations of the seven continents and the five oceans.

You will recognize key geographic features on maps, diagrams, or photographs.

Unit Vocabulary Read the definitions for this unit's vocabulary.
Continents: Any of the seven large landmasses on the Earth’s surface
Parallels: Another name for latitude lines because they never touch
Meridians: Another name for longitude lines that cross the equator and meet at the north and south poles
Latitude: Distance north or south of the equator
Longitude: Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
(Latitude and Longitude are explained in this link. L & L link)
Equator: 0 degree line of latitude – divides earth into north and south hemispheres
Prime Meridian: 0 degree line of longitude – divides earth into east and west hemispheres
Lake: Body of water surrounded entirely by land
River: Large stream of water that empties into an ocean or a lake
Tributary: Stream or small river that flows into a larger river or stream
Gulf: Arm of an ocean or sea that is partly enclosed by land, usually larger than a bay
Bay: Part of a body of water that is partly enclosed by land
Mountain: High, steep, rugged land that rises sharply above the surrounding land
Hill: Area of raised land that is lower or more rounded than a mountain
Plain: Broad area of fairly level land that is generally close to sea level
Plateau: Large area of high, flat, or gently rolling land
Island: Land area that is surrounded by water
Peninsula: Piece of land is surrounded by water on three sides
Agriculture: Cultivating the land, producing crops and raising livestock

World Jigsaw Puzzle: Put the world back together online. World Map Puzzle

Make your own map of the world! Click on the link for a world map that prints out in squares. Put the squares together to assemble your personal large map of the world. Use the map to color and study the continents and the oceans. Your teacher may ask you to label the poles, the Prime Meridian, the Equator, or other geographic features on the map. Keep it in your notebook. This free downloable map comes from the Arizona Geographic Alliance.

Large World Map

Review the Continents:

There are Seven Continents On the World Map


The names of the seven continents are

North America mapnorthamerica.gif South America s_america_images.jpeg

Africa africa_images.jpeg Asia mapasia.gif

Australia australia_images.jpeg Antarctica antarcticaz.gif

Europe europe-map.gif
Put them together and you have this:

Read about the continents. Click on the link to read the facts about the seven continents. Take notes on what you read by writing the name of each continent on a page in your notebook. List five (5) important facts about the continent on its page in your notebook. Glue or sketch a map of that continent to the BOTTOM of the page. These notes could also be made into a continents flip book. Easy Continent Facts

Play the continents game. Can you name the continents? Continents


Use the next map to answer these questions about the continents.

On this map of the world, which continent is the farthest south?

A. South America

B. North America

C. Africa

D. Antarctica

What is the name of the smallest continent shown on the map?

A. Antarctica

B. Europe

C. Australia

D. Asia

Continents Think Quest: Find out many more facts about the continents.

Find more interesting facts about the seven continents. Then share them with your group or the class. Write the facts your teacher tells you to find into your notebook. Your teacher may ask you to make a continents booklet, poster, or foldable, using the facts from this Think Quest.

Click on the link to begin. Quest

There are five oceans on the world map.


Atlantic Ocean 220px-Atlantic_Ocean_-_en.png Pacific Ocean Pacific.jpeg
Arctic Ocean arctic.jpeg Indian Ocean Indian.jpeg
Southern Ocean southern_o.jpeg

Reviewing Latitude and Longitude

Map Showing the Equator: The Equator is shown as a solid red line on this map. It is found at 0º Latitude.
Map Showing the Prime Meridian: It is found at 0º Longitude. Both the Prime Meridian and the Equator are labeled on this map.

Answer these questions about the Equator and the Prime Meridian.


Practice Game: This online game is a review of maps and the globe.

Maps and Globes Review: Maps/Globes

More Practice: Use this link to many quizlets so you can practice your maps and globes vocabulary.
Maps and Globes Quizlets

Key Geographic Features:

Water And Land Related Features: Use the list of terms to find the water and land features that you need to know.

Water •lake •river •tributary •gulf •bay

Land •mountain •hill •plain •island •plateau •peninsula

What other land and water forms are in the picture that are not included in the lists?

(Source: http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect2/landforms.jpg)

Questions: Base your answers to these questions on the picture of the land and water features.

1. In which land features would you find agriculture?

2. In which water features would you find the fishing industry?

3. On which land features would a city or a town be best located? Why did you choose those places?

4. If some people living on the feature labeled "island" wanted to trade with the people living on the feature labeled "tributary," what would be the best trade route for them to use?

5. What would be the best way to travel from the feature labeled "hills" to the feature labeled "cape?"

6. How would someone who did not have a boat travel from the "harbor" to the "river?"

Study Guide: Click on the link to study and review the facts about Continents, Oceans, and Geographic Features. Good Guide

Games: Play these games to review what you've learned.

1. Latitude and Longitude Lat/Long

2. Continents Matching Match

3. Continents Ordered List In Order

4. Oceans and Continents Practice Map Practice

5. Continents Hangman Man

6. More Continents Games (And Lots of Them!) Lots of Continents