Unit 6: Colonial America 13Colonies-Color.79202556.jpg(Source: interactivehistory.net)

Colonial America: You will learn about the factors that shaped Colonial America (the Original Thirteen Colonies) by:
a) describing the religious and economic events and conditions that led to the colonization of America


b) describing life in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies, with emphasis on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services, including examples of specialization and interdependence


c) describing colonial life in America from the perspectives of large landowners, farmers, artisans, women, free African Americans, indentured servants, and enslaved African Americans



Click on the links for the SOL study maps about Colonial America.
USI 5a Colonies and the Reasons They Were Established Establish
USI.5a
  • Colonies in North America were established for religious and economic reasons.

USI 5b New England Colonies New England Mid-Atlantic Colonies Mid-Atlantic
Southern Colonies Southern
USI.5b
  • Life in the colonies reflected the geographical features of the settlement.
Economic specialization and interdependence existed in the production of goods and services in the colonies.

USI 5c Colonies Made Up of Different Groups of People Different
USI.5c
  • The colonies were made up of difference groups of people whose lives varied depending on their social position.


Unit Vocabulary: Read and copy the vocabulary about Colonial America.


Economic venture:
A business opportunity that involves risk but could make money

Virginia Company:
Group of wealthy businessmen who were given a charter from the King to an area of land
VirginiaCompanyofLondonSeal-1606-1624.pngSeal of the Virginia Company Source: Wikipedia.org
Separatists:
A group of people (Pilgrims) who wanted to separate from the Church of England
Click on the link to read the selection, "Who Were the Pilgrims," from the Pilgrim Hall Museum. Pilgrims
Read about "Separatism" from the Pilgrim Hall Museum. Separatists
3a06801r.jpgThe Pilgrims Going to Church by G.H. Boughton (1868) Source: loc.gov
Religious persecution:
Treating a specific group of people cruel or unfair because of their religion

Puritans:
Group of English settlers who wanted to change the Church of England
The Puritans settled in Massachusetts Bay. Read about their colony by clicking on the link. Massachusetts
Quakers:
Religious reformers who believed that all people are equal
The Quakers settled in Pennsylvania. Read about the founding of their colony by clicking on the link. Pennsylvania
portrait-of-william-penn-5.jpgWilliam Penn Source: https://sites.google.com/site/historie101/my-forms
Interference:
An obstacle that prevents an outcome

Debtor’s prison:
A prison for people who owned money they could not pay back

Economic freedom:
The right to have control over money

Geographic features:
Physical features (mountains, rivers)

Appalachian Mountains:
Oldest mountain range in North America, found in all 3 colonial regions

Boston Harbor:
Area where ships find shelter near the city of Boston

Terrain:
Surface of the land

Coastline:
Area where the ocean meets land

Moderate:
Middle, medium or average

Craftsman:
Anyone who makes something by hand (ex. Blacksmith)

Religious Reformer:
Someone who changes things to tie to a specific religion

Civic Life:
Rights and responsibilities dealing with the government

Livestock:
Herd animals (cows, sheep)

Diverse:
Different

Piedmont:
Area between the Atlantic Ocean and Appalachian Mountains

Atlantic Coastal Plain:
Flat, low-lying area near the east coast of the U.S.

Humid:
Large amounts of moisture in the air

Plantation:
Large farms (worked by slaves) to grow cash crops

Slavery:
Owning people against their will

Indentured servants:
People who agreed to work without wages for a period of time in exchange for their passage to the colonies

Town meeting:
Meeting in colonial New England where colonists discussed and voted on issues

Perspective:
Point of view, seeing it from someone’s point of view

Landowners:
White, European males who owned land in the colonies

Artisans:
Craftsmen, such as blacksmiths who worked in towns and on plantations

Enslaved African Americas:
People captured in Africa and forced against their will to work without pay in the colonies

Region:
Geographic area with similar characteristics

Caretakers:
Person (women) who were responsible for caring for the family and the house

Passage:
The act of going or proceeding – passage from Europe to the colonies

Contract:
An official agreement; between indentured servants and the family who paid their passage

13 Colonies Interactive Map: Click on each colony on the map to learn more about it. Interactive Colonies

Colonial Regions Poster: Click on the link to print the pages for a large map of the colonies. The poster prints out on 9 pages. You'll have to trim around the pages and tape them together to make your map. It will go together like this:
13example.jpg
(Source: http://www.nonags.org/members/dasaunders/)
After you make your poster in class, create a key for the three geographic areas of the colonies and color your map. Your teacher will give you a list of other features to add to your map. Keep it in your notebook as you study the colonies.

Make your own map online: Use this link to select the 13 Colonies map template. Then create your own map by coloring the regions, using the paint bucket, and creating labels for the symbols. You can print your map or download it to your desktop. Map Maker Link
The outline map shown below is used in the Map Maker link.
image.png


Here is another blank map of the colonies with the names filled in. You can click on it and drag it to your desktop to print it and then color it.
thirteencolonies.gif


New England Colonies: Click here to read some background about the New England Colonies. NE
Middle Atlantic Colonies: Click here to read about the Middle Atlantic Colonies. MA
Southern Colonies: Click here to read about the Southern Colonies. South

LIFE IN THE COLONIES ACTIVITY: After reading about the colonies, fill in a chart for each of the THREE regions. Use the chart shown below, making one for EACH region. At the top of your chart, write the name of the region. Make one for New England, one for Middle Atlantic, and one for Southern Colonies. Create a picture or sketch in the square labeled "Picture Representation" that will help you to remember the features.
Life_in_colonies_chart.jpg


Why Did They Come?
Click on the link to download a powerpoint presentation about the reasons for settling in the colonies.
This chart will help you to remember the reasons for establishing the colonies. Copy it into your notebook.
Colonies_reasons_chart.jpg

Different Groups of People
The colonies were made up of different groups of people. Click on the links found below to learn more about each group.
1. Enslaved African Americans:
Here is background on Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797), who was captured at age 11 and became a slave. He became educated, bought his freedom, and wrote about his life as a slave. You can read about him and read parts of his autobiography by using this link. Olaudah
2. Indentured Servants:
Here is a poem said to have been written by an indentured servant in Virginia. Read section III, parts 5 and 6 to find out what life was like for this servant. Indentured
3. Farmers:
This link includes a slide show depicting life on a colonial farm. It also has a short description of work on a colonial farm. Farm
4. Large Landowners:
Most large landowners were in the Southern Colonies. Landowners
5. Artisans:
This link from Colonial Williamsburg contains slide shows for many artisans or tradespeople of colonial times. The slides portray artisans like tailors, coopers, weavers, dressmakers, and millers. Artisans
6. Women:
The title of this link is "A Woman's Work Is Never Done." It shows the work of women in Colonial America. Click on the pages for different occupations, including domestic work, teaching, and merchants. Woman's Work
7. Free African Americans:
This link tells about gaining freedom and about the limits on the freedom of the freed African Americans. Freed
This link connects to the narrative of Venture Smith, a slave who gained his freedom in New England during the late 1700s. Venture Smith




Click on the link to take a quick quiz on the reasons for colonizing the different regions.
Quick Quiz

Play Games to Review the Colonies:
1. Early Colonies Column Match: Early Colonies
2. First Colonies Mini Quiz First Colonies
3. Life in the Colonies Millionaire Colonial Life
4. New England, Mid Atlantic, or Southern Match
5. Colonial Challenge Millionaire Millionaire